Japanese tsunami reaffirms need for mangroves`

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The threat of damage and destruction from tsunamis and cyclones can be minimised to a great extent if the existing mangrove forests are protected and more trees are planted along the coast, said officials of the IUCN – the World Conservation Union on Tuesday.
Speaking at a press briefing on “Effects of tsunami in Japan and disaster risk reduction mechanisms in Pakistan”, IUCN`s Asia chief Aban Marker Kabraji said that mangrove forests not only worked as natural barriers in case of a tsunami or a cyclone but were also cheaper alternatives to the stonewalls or other man-made structures which might be effective for normal sea waves but could not withstand high tides caused by a cyclone.

She said Japan had cultivated between 200- and 300-metre-wide coastal belts for forests which successfully buffered most of the wave energy when the tsunami hit the country. She said better land use planning, which had kept the locations of the major population and financial centres away from the coast, were less affected. These greenbelts not only saved the countless lives but would also eventually help in making recovery more efficient, she added.

Referring to the Asian tsunami of 2004, she said that the damage was quite less where the coasts were protected with plantations in India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. She added that the villages, which had kept the mangrove plantations and coral reefs intact, managed to survive without a massive damage.

Similarly, she said that Bangladesh planted mangrove forests and build mud dykes along the coast during the past decade after facing many cyclones over the years. Some time back when another cyclone had hit the country, it was observed that destruction due to the sea surge would have been massive had there been no mangroves and mud dykes.

She said the mangrove forests also worked as breeding grounds for commercially important marine food species. This way not only the coastal communities involved in fishing activities were benefited but the country`s overall economy was strengthened with an increase in seafood exports, she added.

The IUCN regional chief said that mangroves were also one of the best carbon sinks and by planting these trees environment would benefit.

She highlighted the need for planting more mangrove forests besides protecting the existing mangroves so that not only the sea intrusion, which also destroyed sweet subsoil water and subsequently ruined fertile agricultural land, was countered but in case of natural disasters like cyclones and tsunamis the coastal communities also suffered less.

Ms Kabraji said that a one-mile-wide greenbelt having mangroves and other plantations should be reserved along the coast while planning development schemes so that these could be protected from natural disasters, which would continue to come particularly keeping in view the climate change relating to global warming, subsequent glacial melt leading to sea level rise, etc. In the existing uplift projects, the cutting of existing trees should be stopped strictly and trees be planted wherever possible.

She recalled that the floods that ravaged this country last year had wreak havoc on those areas where the tree cover was less. She said that had there been trees in mountains in the northern parts of the country there would have been less flash floods and there would been lesser breeches in the river dykes had the forests, which also strengthen the dykes, in the kutcha areas not been cut down ruthlessly.

The mangrove cover in the Indus delta region spread over 600,000 hectares in the 1950s but owing to the ruthless logging and less amount of freshwater flowing in the Indus downstream from Kotri the existing thick forest cover was only around 86,000 hectares, said IUCN country representative Shah Murad Aliani.

He said that while the IUCN was already involved in mangrove plantations for over a decade, a major project in collaboration with the government was also being planned to plant mangroves over 100,000 hectares.

He said that a tsunami had hit the Pakistani coast in 1945 in which over 5,000 lives had been lost, but the loss could be many times more if such a disaster hit the coast now. He said that cyclones had been hitting the coast and the most recent one was Phet that had hit the Gwadar in Balochistan and Keti Bunder in Sindh.

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Earth Destroy Project In South Asia (2)

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Bangladesh/Hindustan(Coal Power In Haretage)
13 0 MW a year Sundarban bidyutakendra kayalacalita heat the air emissions of toxic chemicals is a calculated (estimated) to be shown pareh
The 6000 tons of sulfur dioxide yaesida rain original controller, and 65 0 of nitrogen oxides in the acid rain is and chemical fog of the controller, 9.6 million tons of carbon dioxide, 1300 tons of small particles (harmful chemicals added), 57 tons hydrocarbon, 518 thousand tons of chemical weep, arasenika 585 pounds, 96 pounds of lead, 10 pounds of cadmium, and radioactive substances like uranium with. The temperature of the waste gases emitted from the chimney height of 75 meters will be 1 of 5 degrees Celsius. The temperature will be around. Sundarban animals – birds, plants on the ultimate impact. This is due to the thermal power stations likely to absorb demonstrate the Sundarbans. Cyclone sidare the whole of the flat earth bamciyechila the Sundarbans. This forest is very easy to absorb when any natural disaster to hit the hanabe flat earth.
As a result of the acquisition of 8 acres of land in 1830 dhani family will be evicted. Rampaul employment may be at the center of the top 600 people, refugees, and the action will result in almost 7 500 families. But, we have a couple of crores every year haraba agricultural production.
Lots of water is needed to produce electricity at kayalabhittika project. Rampal project will meet the animals from the Nile River. Salt water and fresh water balance of the river animals keep their special role. This nadatira connection with the whole region, including the overall biodiversity. But this project was to create a river that has been endangered astitbakei.
Sundarban goods and equipment to build power stations will be transmitted through the river. Nadisasanera need for transportation. Nadisasanera the water will ghola. Increased movement of vessels, oil discharge, sabdadusana, lighting, waste emissions, especially in the Sundarbans eco-system of the Royal Bengal Tiger, Deer, Dolphin, on the harmful effects of mangrove forest. Nadisasana If you do not properly oil – contaminated water must be disposed of grija . The river riparian mangrove forest animals that have rows that will cut jeti nirmanasaha a variety of reasons.
Serious environmental pollution caused by coal-based power plant typically stored in the forest, and settlers from 0 to 15 km of the coal power plant construction is approved. The proposed 13 MW Rampaul 0 Coal Power project is just 14 km away from the beautiful forests of the Sundarbans, which is around 10 km enabhairanamentali Critical Area (ECN), 4 km away from the safe, as has been claimed. But the Indian enatipisi the Sundarbans in the Power Center to build on the bharaterai Wildlife Protection Act, 197 and, according to the center 15 km radius of any tiger / elephant conservation areas, biodiversity is important for forests, national parks, wildlife sanctuary, or any other protected forests Must not have.
This project is the final space, land acquisition and construction of the power plant after the contract signing all done, the environmental impact of construction, survey and public opinion has been sought on the site of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, which is ridiculous final.

The proposed coal-based power project in Madhya Pradesh Indian companies enatipisira Indian Environment Ministry has rejected. They said, “power projects proposed for the area is arable land, which is not at all acceptable for the project. The Narmada river water from the project for 3 kiuseka dragging is not realistic for the project. Salpata agricultural land, near settlements, water salpata, considering the environmental impact of this project is to be canceled. “