Conference of the Parties (COP).But we think,(cop)are claim over poor.
Conference of the Parties for the “Claim Over Poor”……
Some countries on climate change hit-list.All the countries are Low Income &Middle Incomeing countries.The people are faceing every moment,how the climate changing.But they are not helping by the cop properly.But,the cop conference is spending a lot of money every year.We think,do not spend a lot of money.Give the advice and money to climate change hit-list countries.Organized a small conference every year.
Drought Flood Storm
Malawi Bangladesh Philippines
Ethiopia China Bangladesh
Zimbabwe India Madagascar
India Cambodia Vietnam
WE are doing something our own money,idea,advice.
THE HOME PARTY OF THE HISTORY
Climate change is a global challenge and requires a global solution. Greenhouse gas emissions have the same impact on the atmosphere whether they originate in Washington, London or Beijing. Consequently, action by one country to reduce emissions will do little to slow global warming unless other countries act as well. Ultimately, an effective strategy will require commitments and action by all the major emitting countries.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
The international response to climate change was launched in 1992, at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, with the signing of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Convention established a long-term objective of stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere “at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system”. It also set a voluntary goal of reducing emissions from developed countries to 1990 levels by 2000 – a goal that most countries did not meet. Currently 191 parties, including the US, have ratified the UNFCCC.
UNFCCC First Ten Years: A Report of the UN Secretariat
Recognizing that stronger action was needed, countries negotiated the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which sets binding targets to reduce emissions 5.2 percent below 1990 levels by 2012. The Protocol entered into force on February 16, 2005, which made the Protocol’s emissions targets binding legal commitments for those industrialized countries that ratified it (the United States has not ratified it). In addition, the market-based mechanisms established under the Protocol, including international emissions trading and the Clean Development Mechanism, became fully operational with the Protocol’s entry into force.
Conference of the Parties (COPs)
COP 21 Paris
November 30 – December 12, 2015
COP 20 – Lima, Peru
December 1 – 12, 2014
COP 19 – Warsaw Poland
November 11 – 23, 2013
COP 18 – Doha, Qatar
November 26 – December 7, 2012
COP 17 – Durban, South Africa
November 28 – December 9, 2011
COP 16 – Cancún, Mexico
November 29 – December 10, 2010
The Cancún Agreements import the essential elements of the Copenhagen Accord into the UNFCCC, including mitigation pledges and operational elements such as a new Green Climate Fund for developing countries and a system of “international consultations and analysis” to help verify countries’ actions. Agreement hinged on finding a way to finesse the more difficult questions of if, when, and in what form countries will take binding commitments. The final outcome leaves all options on the table and sets no clear path toward a binding agreement.
COP 15 – Copenhagen, Denmark
December 7-18, 2009
A new political accord struck by world leaders at the U.N. Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen provides for explicit emission pledges by all the major economies – including, for the first time, China and other major developing countries – but charts no clear path toward a treaty with binding commitments.
COP 14 – Poznan, Poland
December 1-12, 2008
Governments resolved in Poznan to shift into “full negotiating mode” in hopes of delivering a comprehensive new climate change agreement in December 2009 in Copenhagen.
COP 13 – Bali, Indonesia
December 3-15, 2007
In tense and chaotic talks that ran a full day longer than planned, delegates to the UN Climate Change Conference in Bali remained far apart on fundamental issues but in the end agreed to launch a loosely framed negotiating process with the ambitious goal of achieving a new global climate agreement in 2009.
COP 12 – COP/MOP 2
November 6-17, 2006
Government negotiators at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Nairobi continued two processes launched last year in Montreal to consider next steps in the international climate effort, and agreed in the final hours to open another track to review the Kyoto Protocol.
COP 11 – Montreal, Canada
November 28 – December 10, 2005
In two weeks of talks, delegates to the UN Climate Change Conference in Montreal concluded the decade-long round of negotiations that launched the Kyoto Protocol and opened a new round of talks to begin considering the future of the international climate effort.
COP 10 – Buenos Aires
December 6-17, 2004
COP 9 – Milan, Italy
December 1-12, 2003
COP 8 – New Delhi, India
October 23 – Novomber 1, 2002
COP 7 – Marrakech, Morocco
October 29 – November 9, 2001
COP 6 BIS – Bonn, Germany
July 16-27, 2001
COP 6 – The Hague, The Netherlands
November 13 – 24, 2000
Sundarban the largest mangrove forest of the world
Sundarbans mangrove forest is the largest in the world, and covers areas of India and Bangladesh for more than 80 kilometers in forming Sundarbans National Park, declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco.
A third of this area is covered by water and marshes, as well Sundarbans since 1966 has been considered a sanctuary for wildlife because it is estimated that there live about 400 Royal Bengal Tigers and more than 30,000 deer in this area.
The forest lies at the feet of the Ganges and is spread across areas of Bangladesh and West Bengal, India, forming the seaward fringe of the delta. The seasonally-flooded Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests lie inland from the mangrove forests. The forest covers 10,000 km2 of which about 6,000 are in Bangladesh. It became inscribed as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1997, but while the Bangladeshi and Indian portions constitute the same continuous ecotope, these are separately listed in the UNESCO world heritage list as the Sundarbans and Sundarbans National Park, respectively. The Sundarbans is intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests. The area is known for the eponymous Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), as well as numerous fauna including species of birds, spotted deer, crocodiles and snakes. It is estimated that there are now 500 Bengal tigers and about 30,000 spotted deer in the area. Sundarbans was designated a Ramsar site on May 21, 1992. The fertile soils of the delta have been subject to intensive human use for centuries, and the ecoregion has been mostly converted to intensive agriculture, with few enclaves of forest remaining. The remaining forests, together with the Sundarbans mangroves, are important habitat for the endangered tiger. Additionally, the Sundarbans serves a crucial function as a protective flood barrier for the millions of inhabitants in and around Kolkata (Calcutta) against the result of cyclone activity.
Sundarbans is home to many different species of birds, mammals, insects, reptiles and fish. It is estimated that there may be found more than 120 species of fish and over 260 species of birds and more than fifty species of reptiles and eight amphibians. Many tourists go there to see the Bengal tigers, saltwater crocodiles, leopards and snakes cobra.
Geographical data of Sundarban Latitude: 25.7667
Average Height: 34
Time Zone: Asia / Dhaka
Title: Lugar Poblado
The detail of Bengla is known by the name of ‘Bagri’| The delta, but it is property a name for east Bengal, Vanga, rather then for South Bengal. The word banali has not been satisfactorily explained. It is someti means derived of from a Sanskrit `Vakadvipa which is phonologically inadmissible, There is a Bagri or Bagadi in Midnapur District. Near garbeta, but it is for away from the delta. In the khalimpur grant of dharmapala (C. 800 A.C) We find the mention of a Vyavhra Tati’ district, for miny part of the pundra v ardhara province. This lace has not been identified, but it may be in the delta. Can ‘vyaghra tati tiger coast a fitting name for a delta district as the home of the Royal Bangal Tiger. Be the source of ‘bagadi (Throgh , Vaggaha-adi, Banghawadi Bangadi with deaspination of ‘gh’ in middle bangeli)?
Previously, there was a wide range of Delta gangeya shape and most of the space was kananakrta. Bengal is the first name of aranyaka aitareya pariliksita. Books Vedic age Bengal ulrekha found. This book is also known that the Vedic era, Bengal, Magadha and cera, as well as in the State. People of this country was weak and wild time. They contain life was worthless and kukhyada taste. The food was not the product of a bacha, which get up so. They had a lot of children are born. Bengal was yesamaya nanajatira homeland. Rara, sumpa, punda, Bengal, and the words of the ancient race of bujhato upajatike.
‘Aryan manjusri mulakatha; texts tackling, Samatat and harikela as well as the location of the town is found. During the middle of padmanadira bhughanda, Brahmaputra and Meghna river near the lower part of the area of Bengal was called ‘The histri of Bengal, south of the map bangala (BANGALA) bhukhandake shown. This was the origin of the word bangala duibhage mainly divided scholars and historians. A group that exists today in South Bengal bangala been named. With the addition of the anadala Bengal has bangala.
Bangladesh’s West Bengal is the ancient name of Bengal was ekamasera. According to the Mahabharata, balirajara wife sudesnara womb and dirghatama rsira legitimate child born, organs, balinga, punda, suknao the five sons of Bengal in Bengal under the name of the state of Bengal. According to Tibetan BANS (syatasete full of water) from the origin of Bengal. Nadibahula and was full of water in the region. It seems that, from the sound of Tibetan BANS or BAN or words of Bengal origin, others think that colors or in Chinese or Tibetan forests (wetlands), from the origin of the name of Bengal.
Cab said Dr. Muhammad said,” began the era of prehistory up to the time of King sasankera Bangladesh Bengal, Gaur, etc. Rarh pundra janapade was divided. Names that are not accepted in this town most of the group were accepted, it is one of the oldest Sanskrit literature is. The regions ‘Bengal’, Bengal was known to the group of people were living. Sanskrit language, Bengal, Bengal and lock paramount to the group. This is the group name and Bengali, banala, bangala, Abul Fazal akabarite ainai utpattih bangala words such as’ Bengali, words that have been diagnosed butpatti because it seems to be just and reasonable. According to him, with the words tadabhaba and, in the words of bangala said.
Ramesh Chandra Majumdar, showed a lot of discussion, with the addition of Bengal is Bengali, Bengali bangala it was time. The law – the akabari of – E – phirojasahi in many markopono Bengal, bengala, he said. Wandering is a Chinese saying pankola Bengal.
The first century of the Christian Greek history on The periplus of the Erythreassea gangarididera of heroism has been described. Gangarididera for 4000 yuddhahasti desaraksa always going to be deployed. Talemira manacita revealed that, in the delta region of Bangladesh gahurastra satabdite Christian first and second in the state were included. Elephant lives in fear of the Ganges adhisbarera well-established in this state from other states would be attacked. Sarbajayi Mahavira had even arrived alekajandarao gangatire gangararhidigera strength and wealth of the identity of aisaryera exit from the place. Revealed that the historical bhittabhora, Mahavira alekajandarera gangaridi for the prevention and other neighboring kings of the Horse 00000, 80000 infantry, 8000 and 6000 Elephant decorated yuddhatha was deployed. In the sixth century BC the city was rastrakuta gangarejiyaya. Rastrakuta that the nation can live in his name. They include – the piece we daksinabanga the night, yasoranjala or name yasoradya country can face.
Neminatha eighth century BC was the first to promote Jainism. Throughout the reign of Chandragupta mauryasamrata brahmanacara extinction of Bengal had developed Jainism. Bimbhisarera the reign of the sixth century BC royal Magadha, Mahavira and Jainism baddhamana the main promoter of the sixth century BC (563-483 khr: E 🙂 Gautam is buddhadebera appearance. He niranjana River near Gaya after winning his confession began broadcasting around. Pataliputa lalanda in Bihar and spread the bauddhardhamera occur. This is the place to be very nitakabarti Bengal. Hiuyena organization’s description of the self proclaimed as one of the country buddhadeba. Samatat up to seven days in the upakenthe that he was preaching, where the Maharaja was Alok create a stack. The witness saw the stack. It is understood, is to start broadcasting bauddhardhamera samatate buddhadebera lifetime and extent of the reign of King Ashoka is faster. The influence of Buddhism is bhukhandeo Jessore. The spread of Buddhism in the Sundarbans daksinabangera. Word of Bengal Brahman buddhadebera time and was sinhale. Buddhist settlers in the Sundarbans, perhaps this time it was much more seperated. Pir Khan Jahan Ali dighi mining below ground at the time of the Buddha statue, it was proved that the spread of Buddhism in the region had received. There are many ancient Buddhist barabajare period. Ekhanakara prastarera artistry historians of ideas that they created the Buddhist period. Buribhadra the village of Cullen Bharata bhayana 70 feet high brick stack shows gonakuti. Phuterao circumference of more than 900. This is one of the legends sthapati daiuna king Bharata. Cuka – mathabari in a Buddhist monastery was built ite karukaryamandita period. Bharata bhayana near the village of gemburi ghona is similar to the brick stack. প্রত্নতত্ত্ববিদগণের assume that they are Buddhist and Buddhism during the period of mass manufactured.
Buddhadebera the same time, the island of Ceylon State gangara tamraparni bijhayasinha be established. It was assumed that digera purusanukrame Ceylon Ceylon. Sinhaladesiya mahakansa the historical texts of the settlement are described. In fact, the colonization of India and the Bengali nation could show. I was going to play sinhale bauddhardhamera of Bengal and the Bengali hero had his way. Thus, the Bengali Indian Ocean Islands were colonized. Bengalis in Jessore aupanibesikataya the place was so agraduta. Perhaps this time, the Sundarbans region of sea shore sinhale calato business. Jainism and Buddhism in Bengal came later. Jain religion of Buddhism spread basatah Bengal was too late to make a profit.
The first part of the eighth satabdiya jainaguru parsbanatha khristapurba niryasa and Gautama Buddha was the son of bimbhisarera ajatasatrura was putting reign. After ajatasatrura magadhera mahamati Alexander invaded India in the reign of King nandabansiya mahanandera. Mahanandera son, Chandragupta was supporter of Jainism. Chandragupta’s son mahamati aseka of the 63 khristapubabde rajarohana. Sauryabirya than those of his vast empire to rule mahanubhabataya, who are we to keep the celebrity, the bharatabarrsera Emperor Ashoka (KING ASHOKA) one of them. The rule amalai bharabarsera most gaurabamaya period susasane and prajahitaisi in comparison to his history is. The maximum spread of Buddhism in India and the development of his time was had. The influence of Buddhism adarse and dissemination of Buddhism in action. At the time of Buddhism is wide. The maximum contribution to his campaign and to promote Buddhism paramount. King Ashoka of India for the promotion of Buddhism throughout the year are smaraniya. Bauddhamurti the Sundarbans area and found the majority of its built during King Ashoka. It is almost certain that the yasorancala morya samrajyabhukta.
Paribrajakadera tanacaintena and other statements that are known to be, in the seventh century, Buddhism in East Bengal can not. Yonapura this time, the best Buddhist kenede into paharapura. In Buddhist literature, Buddhism was spreading rajamahalera near the limit of kajanagala or paundabardhana. Nagajani konda be silapili revealed that, by the second or third century Bengal Buddhist religion to dominate. Sinhalese monks preaching that all countries in the name of Bengal on the list has a special place. Buddhism is the religion of Bengal during the Gupta Empire. And he came to India in the fifth century Chinese Wandering hiyena F tamraliptera baisati Details of Bihar. He said descriptions – banikera bhiksudera bharanaposanera rich orchard land for crops, homes were donated. The donation would be made of stone carving pane. A large courtyard in the middle of Bihar. I had the small box. To one side of the courtyard had a bath kuya. Bihar had access to a single door. Entry into the reverse side of the temple in Bihar was torana. The trough system was down for niskasanera. Buddhism was well established prior to the beginning of the South Bengal. This time, the two Buddhist beggar santideo radra awarded the Acharya to be heard. Buddhist monastery was a center of Buddhist religion and the promotion list. The initial state of Bihar, Buddhism was bhiksudera barsakalina habitats. Besides, there are many pratesabihare kanta. Pracina temple architecture is a fascinating illustration of the shape of the BMW mahasthana average gokulera temple. Sasta temple built in the seventh century. Karnihama of the Ganges Delta of his most famous Indian pracina Geography, bagari and samatatake that have the same state. During pracina Bengal – Bengal, Rarh, bagari, Barind this carabhage was divided. The name Samatat ulrekha found. Samudraguptera Allahabad inscription mentions that era, and bepalera kamarupa Samatat province is well. Varaha mihirera geographic Samatat ‘s profile is found. Wandering cainika samatatake wheel shaped and diversion triggers, or 500 miles on 3000. 0 triggers or three miles around the capital. Kanim hasa kamarupa and measuring the distance from tamaluka came to the conclusion that the current Jessore murali Samatat capital. Historical research has long been accepted by the Delta is gangera samatata. Satisandra friend said Ganges badbipake have samatata. All of the search is to be bagari or gangeo Samatat Delta and the state.