Coconut garden faceing problems

kuakata-beach-680x365Waves of the sea by the beauty of the coconut garden Kuakata crisis. Government silent. This is Bangladesh, Bangladesh ….
Baluksaye the acute crisis facing the big waves, the beauty of Kuakata bardhanakari coconut garden. Komenera storm tide along the moon-purnimara jote rise gradually by the waves of the sea, the coconut is dissolved in the stomach baganaagami in two or three years of its existence could not be found. The construction of a dam groyena potential tourism center of the coconut estates would be possible to protect the abhijnamahala.
Faiz brksapremi 197 acres of government land abut Mia Cole Bay of Bengal in 1960, with a 99-year lease of the garden. Then it was renamed “Raw Materials and Raw Materials”. The baganatite not only coconut trees. Guava, cashew nuts, lemon, Shore, garjanasaha ausudhi varieties of fruit trees were planted. This is due to the coconut tree is known as the coconut garden


How can we write, No Freedom In Bangladesh !?

Freedom of the Press 2008 – Country Rankings
SOURCE: Freedom House


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Countries are given a total score from 0 (best) to 100 (worst) on the basis of a set of 23 methodology questions divided into three subcategories. Assigning numerical points allows for comparative analysis among the countries surveyed and facilitates an examination of trends over time. The degree to which each country permits the free flow of news and information determines the classification of its media as “Free,” “Partly Free,” or “Not Free.” Countries scoring 0 to 30 are regarded as having “Free” media; 31 to 60, “Partly Free” media; and 61 to 100, “Not Free” media.
Rank Country Rating
——- ————————- ——–
1 Finland 9
Iceland 9
2 Denmark 10
Norway 10
3 Belgium 11
Sweden 11
4 Luxembourg 12
5 Andorra 13
Netherlands 13
New Zealand 13
Switzerland 13
6 Liechtenstein 14
Palau 14
7 Ireland 15
Jamaica 15
8 Estonia 16
Germany 16
Monaco 16
Portugal 16
Saint Lucia 16
9 Marshall Islands 17
San Marino 17
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 17
United States 17
10 Canada 18
Czech Republic 18
Lithuania 18
United Kingdom 18
11 Barbados 19
Costa Rica 19
Saint Kitts and Nevis 19
12 Bahamas 20
Malta 20
Taiwan 20
13 Australia 21
Austria 21
Hungary 21
Japan 21
Micronesia 21
14 Belize 22
Cyprus 22
Donimica 22
France 22
Latvia 22
Slovakia 22
15 Slovenia 23
Spain 23
Suriname 23
Trinidat and Tobago 23
Vanuatu 23
16 Grenada 24
Poland 24
17 Kiribati 26
Mauritius 26
Tuvalu 26
18 Ghana 27
Greece 27
Mali 27
19 Cape Verde 28
Israel 28
Nauru 28
Papua New Guinea 28
Sao Tome and Principe 28
South Africa 28
20 Italy 29
Samoa 29
21 Chile 30
Hong Kong 30
Namibia 30
Solomon Islands 30
South Korea 30
Uruguay 30
22 Benin 31
Guyana 31
Tonga 31
23 Bulgaria 33
24 India 35
25 Botswana 36
Croatia 36
26 Fiji 37
27 East Timor 38
Mongolia 38
Montenegro 38
28 Antigua and Barbuda 39
Bolivia 39
Dominican Republic 39
Serbia 39
29 Mozambique 40
30 Burkina Faso 41
Ecuador 41
31 Brazil 42
El Salvador 42
32 Nicaragua 43
33 Panama 44
Peru 44
Romania 44
34 Bosnia and Herzegovina 45
Philippines 45
35 Lesotho 46
36 Argentina 47
37 Madagascar 48
Tanzania 48
38 Senegal 49
39 Albania 50
40 Republic of the Congo 51
Honduras 51
Mexico 51
Turkey 51
41 Guynea-Bissau 53
Nigeria 53
Uganda 53
Ukraine 53
42 Comoros 54
Indonesia 54
Kuwait 54
43 Lebanon 55
Malawi 55
44 Haiti 56
45 Nepal 57
46 Guatemala 58
47 Colombia 59
Egypt 59
Seychelles 59
Sierra Leone 59
48 Cambodia 60
Georgia 60
Kenya 60
Paraguay 60
49 Bhutan 61
Central African Republic 61
50 Algeria 62
51 Angola 63
Jordan 63
Niger 63
52 Morocco 64
Qatar 64
Zambia 64
53 Cameroon 65
Liberia 65
Malaysia 65
54 Armenia 66
Cote d’Ivoire 66
Guynea 66
Maldives 66
Moldova 66
Pakistan 66
55 Sri Lanka 67
56 Bangladesh 68

prime minister Bangladesh

The base plate is placed at the center of power Rampal kustiyaya
Kushtia bheramaraya widely discussed in Bagerhat electricity Rampal Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina will inaugurate the foundation stone tablets .
The 500 MW of electricity import from India during the tour Kushtia bheramaraya for the electricity generated at a power sub- station in the center of the plate with the Prime Minister to inaugurate Rampal said .
The Bheramara 500 MW upakendre and ‘ alliance tharamala Super Power Project , a foundation stone in the center of the blade inauguration of electricity Rampal has done all the preparation .
Ramapalabidyuta the center of the plate with power bheramaraya upakendrera want to know about the inauguration of the Awami League joint – General Secretary mahabuba – banglanews ul- Alam Hanif said , it is the Ministry . However, one of the intelligence agencies of electricity Rampal has confirmed the establishment of the foundation stone tablets .
However , bheramaraya 36 MW combined bicycle India – Bangladesh power transmission lines based on the prastarera at the ceremony by video conference with the Prime Minister of India, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh will be added .
At the same time the Prime Minister to inaugurate Rampal bidyueta phalakerao the center .
PDP ( design 3) Director of the banglanews nurujjamana have confirmed . Saiful Hasan Chowdhury paridaphatarera director of public relations of the PDP was confirmed .
He said , ” Our goal with the Prime Minister of India, Rampal bidyueta be the center of the foundation . But as busy as the Prime Minister of India, the day may not be available as soon as the project is so Bheramara bidyueta will be unveiled at the plate . ‘
Sapharasuci by helicopter during the quarter at 11 Bheramara Kushtia where the electricity sub- center . After 3 at the Kushtia district Awami League held a meeting at the Government College speech would . The Prime Minister has taken strict security measures kustiyajure Arrivals occasion

One example of the ruthless nature of the contempt power project Rampal

cropped-1328252870_310426720_1-sundarban-tour-by-luxary-mini-launch-santoshpur.jpgOne example of the ruthless nature of the contempt power project Rampal
The world’s largest mangrove Sundarbans National Park and UNESCO declared World Heritage said the best defense .
The boundaries of this reserve is kramasankucita banatira at 0 to 5 people in the death happened . However, locals claim , the number may be much higher .
Stories of death due to a lack of damage to the Sundarbans had to refrain from such activities . But now a new threat is serious for Sundarban . The Sundarbans Environment consternation in the future .
This is a new threat , post 1 of 3 0 MW coal power plant project Rampal . It is just 14 km away from the city Rampal will be built .
India’s state-owned National Thermal Power Corporation, a joint venture with the implementation of this project is planned . The claim , the prakalpatii the only way to meet the needs of the dear in the same area . The area is the one of the poorest elakagulorao .
But opponents claim , the Sundarbans is very environmentally sensitive area of a project to establish a coal power plant , it will bring disaster . The area of ​​the river – trough , canal – water bill and the plants will suffer . It may come down to which disaster pranabaicitryeo . Dolphins living in the river from the threat of extinction is the legendary Royal Bengal Tiger .Moreover, the Sundarbans, the storm – flooding – tidal works as a natural protection walls . Bangladesh in the world map as it is a low-lying area of land and banyaprabana . The Sundarbans is an extraordinary natural disaster destroyed the wall of defense of human life – is living a more serious threat .
Defense committee member of the newly formed Sundarbans roaring wave Wireless engineer said , ” The people have made a conscious realization of such a project can not seem to finish . ‘

However , in order to strengthen their claim birodhira in 1979 in a plant in Texas to create the same kind of environment that came crashing down when it appeared as an example . U.S. authorities claim that the construction of a plant in Texas , it is very much on the area of agriculture will not have a harmful effect . But the claim was later proven false .

In one study of 010 scientists from the report was that 30 thousand tons per year from the plant thick layer of sulfur dioxide are disrupting agricultural production in the whole state of Texas . In contrast, the proposed power plant in Rampal at least 5 thousand tons per year of sulfur dioxide will be thick layer .

Rampal power plant emissions from large amounts of toxic chemicals released to the public in January mulyayanapatreo are accepted . But rather to show the area as environmentally sensitive in general , residential and rural areas’ are shown . The magnitude of the risk of having a thick layer of toxic chemicals in the environment and forests ministry after the project has received clearance .

Critics claim that this decision was the lack of transparency surrounding the project , some basic questions and answers were given . The final result of the project in terms of generating electricity from the benefit and how to reduce waste and pollution levels will be processed to purify water ?

As well as the implementation of a project ‘s paribesagatabhabe serious harm neighboring countries of India, a large part of the funding issue is the widespread suspicion and anger . India ‘s power shortage in the country because there metatei himasima . Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh in India , two of the same kind have been forced to give up in the face of legal restrictions and ganapratirodhera .

Ritu University economist mosahida Sultana said , ‘ It’s hypocrisy . The legal obstacles because they are forced to give up the project . But in other countries , they are in violation of the law . ‘

The first director of the project, and is currently an Advisor Rampaul Azizur Rahman for political reasons in violation of the law, the complaint was denied . He said , generating electricity from oil and gas prices much higher .

Coal produced from the trust to bidyutai . ‘ I do not have any pressure outside . The Government of India in their own right – we are working according to the direction of our own – is follow the instructions . ‘

After seeing a specialist group of the project allows . Of detailed information – databases are open for everyone . Anyone who wants to say it will be delivered at the ajiujara .

He said , ‘ We must be able to control the pollution . In this case we are all set for the following calaba manadandai . ‘

However , the preservation of the environment , the role of the back of the qualms expressed . Due to the uncontrolled management of water stored in the ship threatened . Gathering wood , shrimp enclosure construction and other manabasrsta banancalagulo disaster the country has been constantly shrinking . The Soil Resource Development Institute dhakabhittika ‘s one of the images that came from . They found that , over the last decade almost 50 thousand hectares of forest have been destroyed .

Meanwhile , the government is already in the Sundarban river constituting the border has allowed the creation of a jahajabhanga industry , which is the destruction of the forest area is expected to take a more active role . In addition, toxic substances from industrial emissions of the ship to break the local community life – serious harmful effects on the livelihoods of examples Environment circumspection .

Abdullah Abu filed in the name of protecting the Sundarbans, one of the workers at the lammarcera said , ‘ People are still not aware of the important role of the Reserve banatira . It acts as a natural disaster, a wall of defense and a developing country like Bangladesh sorts of environmental resources and associated still do not understand it . ‘

He said , ‘ That’s a real sense that the only forest is a forest . Now even if we lose our next few generations, the environment will not have any toyakkai . It can be seen that , in choya , and bhalobasa feel that we care about are just that . And it is our nature . ‘

Climate Change in Fund illusion

cropped-1328252870_310426720_1-sundarban-tour-by-luxary-mini-launch-santoshpur.jpgClimate Change in Fund illusion
Climate Change in Fund illusion – khatei cost management in 1000
climate change and deal with the risks of the funds of the illusion of progress . 5 crore to fund the independent sector . The cost of 1 crore has been shown only in khatei . The report of the Planning Commission with the responsibility of taking care of the environment and forests ministry technical aspects of the activities of the Ministry of Planning and the Ministry of Finance about arthacharera dropping is not recommended . The question of leadership in the Ministry of Environment and Forests and karyabidhigata validity . The money will be spent on climate funds through large parts of the subidhabhogidera due to managerial errors and samanbayahinatara not paumchacche . The target of the same kind of projects being implemented by ADP and climate funds such sums of money are being wasted .
Establishment of the Ministry for the various ministries that have been created karyabidhi , dealing with the climate change issue is included in the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Disaster Management . The implementation of the Monitoring and Evaluation Division ( aiemaidi ) is no inspection and evaluation . Overall, tackling climate change as a result of the implementation of the three funds can play a role , since it has experts .
Climate change in the mainstream economic activities related to climate change kausalapatre to speak with an even follow a different path, one of the Fund . The Government , Development – World Bank and the Asian Development Bank and partner countries ( ADB ) is financing the Fund . For each fund, the authority of the individual .
The slow pace of implementation of ADP projects – on the three funds by the government is tackling climate change . Financed by the Government of Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund 500 crore ( bisisitiepha ) is managed by a Board of Trustees . Development – 1500 million dollar financing partner countries rejiliyansa Bangladesh Climate Change Fund ( bisisiaraepha ) University of Management . World Bank and ADB funded almost 1 crore Pilot Program on Climate rejiliyansa pipisiara ADB fund management charge . Total Fund is three years in three distinct . The project already has 139 million of the total 89 million in 1531 , and 63 non-governmental organizations in the 5 million has been allocated to six lakh . In 009 he was called at the time of the formation of the government funded bisisitiepha , regular development projects approved by the government , and the implementation of the procrastination seems arthachara . Climate change is an important issue , with the speed of implementation will begin . Ministry of Environment and Forests under the Climate Change Unit in the technical aspects of projects for evaluation . For approval of the minister of eight 13 -member Board of Trustees is climate change . Arthachara is the responsibility of the Ministry of Finance . Recently the government has announced bisisitiephake as a Trust .
A Planning Commission official said , the government ‘s climate change activities kausalapatre Annual Development Programme ( ADP ) was recommended to be included . The target was not met . Witness Preparation and implementation of all the climate fund should be associated with the process .
Bisisiaraepha and pipisiara the two funds, the World Bank and the ADB technical management of the Ministry of Environment and Forest ‘s supervisor .
According to sources , the government is dealing with climate change is samanbayahinabhabe . Sources of the Planning Commission , a large proportion of funds to be spent on climate funds through managerial and samanbayahinatara error due to the subidhabhogidera not paumchacche . At the same time with the same target, the same types of projects being implemented by ADP and climate funds, large sums of money are being wasted .
Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh jalabayu change the name of the report is a study of the data is out . United Nations Development Programme ( UNDP ) – support for 1 months of research conducted on the basis of the report has been created , the funds are spent by the government karyabidhi prakriaya violation , with a weak legal framework for the management and activities of the opacity occurred . The project preparation , evaluation , and management of the process because the climate there is also the question of the effectiveness of the use of funds .
Climate experts said . Nishat ainuna of 5 crore spent on the management of more than 1 crore . He said Poland to Warsaw in the second week of November is the start of the World Climate Conference . There are 100 million billion dollars for the Green Fund . How much funding from Bangladesh to bring it out of love .
Said one of the officials of the Ministry of Environment and Forests , Climate Change Trust Fund established by the government and approved by Parliament by law to be being managed . Secretarial duties of the Ministry of Environment and Forests . In addition , 37 of the approximately eight thousand crore every year by climate change are expenses . The Project Annual Development Programme ( ADP ), which is implemented .
FDI ‘s executive director said . Iphatekharujjamana the management of the fund’s vulnerability to climate change and the development of the allocated funds should not – be it a question . 1 crore in the management of the fund is spent , how it will be spent specifically to be identified . And it can not be increased further weakness in the irregularity and management .

Count Down…Destroyer The World Heritage

smokeRamapale bidyuekandra create the final preparation : the destruction of the Sundarbans will be received…
Destroyer of the Sundarbans, go ahead and self- government is to create bidyuekandra Rampal . Serious threat to the natural environment and biodiversity as well as for the creation of a jointly bidyuekandrati the bilateral agreement signed between India and Bangladesh . Environmentalists and experts protested and objected to the government in October bidyuekandrera all in the inauguration of construction has been completed . Environmentalists
That , and the large area in the Sundarbans bidyuekandra jibabaicitrye will create a severe reaction . The environment in the face of objections adhidaphatara and environmentalists who are trying to take the country to become bidyuekandra failure . The government of India to take advantage of the principle of bharatamukhi knelt Destroyer bidyuekandra ramapale at the .1 efforts to create a 3 MW capacity at 0 bidyuekandra to create a bilateral agreement with India after the work is to fill the earth . Oil – Gas – Mineral Resources and Power – Ports of Bangladesh and India jointly organized a national kamitisaha of the movement is demanding the cancellation of the project .
According to sources , without any kind of feasibility study of the Sundarbans in Bagerhat ramapale 1 of 3 0 MW of generation bidyuekandra kayalabhittika productivity has to deal with . Imported coal , depending on the bidyuekandra environmentalists and experts objected to the coming generation from the beginning . India and Bangladesh to jointly build bidyuekandra the coal to be brought from any country , the amount of the damage to the environment and how much the price of electricity will be produced – it is still not final .
A few months ago, Bangladesh – The agreement was signed at the . Agreement signed by representatives of the Government of India , Government of India is valued at the purchase price of electricity produced bidyuekandre . The Central Government, State Government of Bangladesh will have to pay the same price as the price of electricity supplies . State government has set the price lower than the price that would be contrary to the law of the Regulatory Commission . Positive, would not violate any of the laws of the Government of India said .
Sundarban is the meaning kayalabhittika bidyuekandra to create a natural environment in the forest are in ruins . Environmentalists said the government decided on suicide . Advocate Sultana Kamal , executive director of the law and the arbitration center , the center said bisbasahitya . Abu Abdullah talked , Shahjalal University of Science and Technology said . Muhammad Zafar Iqbal , Executive Director of Campaign and former advisor to the caretaker government Rasheda K Chowdhury , Executive Director of FDI . Destroyer of the Sundarban ইফতেখারুজ্জামানসহ ramapale bidyuekandra a statement calling for the cancellation of an initiative to create . The statement said the Sundarban Sundarban bidyuekandra kayalabhittika the natural environment will be lost . Sundarban is the natural balance will be lost .
Kayalabhittika the country ‘s largest electricity generating station at the beginning of last year, the country’s former adviser Rasheda K Chowdhury , Executive Director of FDI . Destroyer of the Sundarban ইফতেখারুজ্জামানসহ ramapale bidyuekandra a statement calling for the cancellation of an initiative to create . The statement said the Sundarban Sundarban bidyuekandra kayalabhittika the natural environment will be lost . Sundarban is the natural balance will be lost .
The country ‘s largest power generating kayalabhittika emaoiu signed between the two countries are at the beginning of last year . 30 August the same year, the government signed a memorandum of understanding with enatipisira . Enatipisi the PDP at the center of the joint venture between Mongla sea port for the 1 in 834 acres of land acquisition process has been started . Rampal bidyuekandrati work with imported coal . Coal will be imported from any country , but it is still not known .
In response to a question at the end of the signing ceremony , Chairman of the PDP , the national grid supplies electricity to 015 in the center of hope . Indonesia , South Africa , Australia and China may be importing coal from . The country’s coal use has not yet been decided , he said . Prior to the signing of the agreement of May 3 Rampal coal bidyuekandrera 011 adhidaphatara the license allows for the position .
The researchers say , the Sundarbans is so proud of this bidyuekandra is established, the future of our world heritage Sundarbans is very damaging . Environmental Impact Assessment of Environmental Effects mulyayanakari research report mentioned that , in a variety of heavy equipment and tools for the creation of bidyuekandra projects in the area at the time of the ship revealed uccamargera Volume up ‘s , alokacchata waste control systems and the wildlife roaming free is not optimal , the Sundarbans surroundings and wildlife will be threatened , especially the Royal Bengal Tiger , deer , crocodiles and dolphins life , even extinction may occur .
The gas pollution due to the unique resources of the Sundarbans naturally grown garana , geoya and caraway plant is said to be extinct . During the construction of additional vessels to navigate and fish drejinyera airways obstruction in time to be able to prevent the breeding of fish and shrimp .
The report also mentioned that one of the 0 to 3 MW capacity from the day after the launch of bidyuekandra 14 tons and 85 tons of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide will be out . The two gas emissions because of the harmful effect of the Sundarban area neighborhood . In 1997, the protection of the environment in the Sundarbans in rural and residential areas have been called .
Professor of Law at the University of Dhaka . Asif Nazrul said , the Government of India and how it Rampal knelt down bidyuekandra project is takalei . He did not allow the creation of bidyuekandra adhidaphatara in the environment . But our government has been committed to creating bidyuekandra at Sundarban cease to exist . This is the decision of suicide . Everyone wants to get electricity from the government in the implementation of the project is going to kill kurala legs .
Anu says the professor , the environment , biodiversity and people’s interests are at stake for the protection of the interests of the government efforts to create bidyuekandra . The government is going to organize the looting . Soccara protest against the construction of bidyuekandre be the responsibility of each citizen .


Md. Nurul Islam1, Md. Ashfaque Azam2 and Dr. Q R Islam2
1 Integrated Water Resources Management Unit
2 Consultants, Second Small Scale Water Resources Development Sector Project,
Local Government Engineering Department, LGED Headquarters, RDEC Building (Level-6), Agargaon,
Shere Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.
Teesta is the fourth major trans-boundary river in Bangladesh. Upstream inflow in this river provides key
support to agricultural production in the Teesta River floodplain (TRF) in the northwest region of the
country. Bangladesh constructed a barrage on the Teesta River in 1990 to provide irrigation water for crop
production in the Teesta Barrage Project (TBP) area. India has also constructed a barrage on this river
upstream. TBP started operation with limited conveyance infrastructure in 1993. The project was planned for
implementation in two phases. The phase 1 has been completed in 1998. A case study in the TBP area
suggests that irrigation water supply considerably raises farm incomes. This has increased irrigation water
demands. However, unilateral withdrawal of water in India upstream, limits irrigation water availability in
the TBP area. Therefore, water sharing with India is crucial in achieving food security and sustainable
livelihood in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh shares a common border with India in the west, north and east and with Myanmar in the southeast.
These borders cut across 57 rivers which discharge through Bangladesh into the Bay of Bengal in the south
(Mukhlesuzzaman 2003 and WARPO 2000). The upstream courses of these rivers traverse India, China,
Nepal and Bhutan. This international dimension is a crucial factor affecting the management of the local river
systems. Trans-boundary flows, which enter Bangladesh from remote catchments extending short distance
to thousands of kilometers upstream, are the important source of water resources. Among the trans-boundary
rivers, Teesta is the fourth major river in Bangladesh after Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna. Teesta River
water provides key support to crop production in the extreme northwest region of Bangladesh. Bangladesh
has constructed a barrage on the Teesta River in Lalmonirhat district to provide irrigation water in the TBP
area from the river through a canal network. India has also constructed a barrage on this river at Gozaldoba
upstream. The present study examines the benefit of Teesta River water sharing in Bangladesh.
Teesta River
Teesta River was the principal tributary of the Karatoya-Atrai-Jamunaswari river system in the eastern part of
India until late eighteenth century (BWDB 1999). The river originates in the glaciers of the Himalayas in
Sikkim. It flows about 172 km in mountainous region before emerging into the alluvial plains of north Bengal
in India. The river crosses 97 km in Indian plains before it enters into the extreme northwest region of
Bangladesh. It flows about 124 km in Bangladesh and joins Brahmaputra River. The river changed its course
and is now recognized as an unstable, wandering and young river of the country. The present channel within
Bangladesh is about 177 km and width varies from 300 to 550 m. Bangladesh occupies about 2071 km2 or
17% of the total Teesta catchment area.
Teesta River Floodplain
The TRF in Bangladesh accounts for 14% of the total cropped area and 8.5% of the population in the country
(BBS 2001). About 63% of the total cropped area in the TRF is irrigated as compared to the national average
of 42% irrigated cropped land. On average, each unit of this irrigated cropped land supports 1.82 crops per
year as compared with national average of 1.75 crops per year. This indicates a direct association between
irrigation water availability and land use. About 64% of the total households in the TRF are farms, of which
78% are marginal or small, owning less than 1.0 ha of cultivated land (Census of Agriculture 1996). The
northwestern region, which includes the TRF, is considered to be the most drought-prone area of the country
(Murshid 1987). This region along the left bank of the Ganges River is termed as ‘dry zone’ (Brammer 1997).
The mean annual rainfall, which ranges from 1250 mm to 2000 mm, in this area is much lower compared
with 1600 mm to more than 5000 mm in the other regions of the country.
Teesta Barrage Project
Bangladesh constructed a barrage in 1990 on the Teesta River at Dalia in Lalmonirhat district to provide
irrigation water in three crop seasons from the river through canal networks in the TBP area. The major
physical components of the TBP comprise a 615 m barrage, a 110 m canal head regulator, 708 km irrigation
canal networks, 380 km drainage channels and 80 km flood embankment. The TBP was designed to provide
irrigation water, flood protection and drainage facilities for 749 000 ha of cultivated land. The project was
planned to be completed in two phases. Phase 1 was completed in June 1998 (Figure 1). The main
conveyance system completed under this phase includes 307 km main canals, 1450 km secondary canals,
2735 km tertiary canals and 8000 field outlets.